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Home » Your Eye Health » Eye Diseases » Diabetes and Eyesight » Causes of Diabetic Retinopathy

Causes of Diabetic Retinopathy

What are the causes of diabetic retinopathy and long-term diabetes? Changes in blood-sugar levels is the main culprit. People suffering from diabetes generally develop diabetic retinopathy after at least ten years of having the disease. Once you are diagnosed with diabetes, it is essential to have an eye exam once a year or more.

In the early stage of diabetic retinopathy, called background or non-proliferative retinopathy, high blood sugar in the retina damages blood vessels, which bleed or leak fluid. This leaking or bleeding causes swelling in the retina, which forms deposits.

In the later stage of diabetic retinopathy, called proliferative retinopathy, new blood vessels begin to grow on the retinal. These new blood vessels may break, causing bleeding into the vitreous, which is the clear gelatinous matter that fills the inside of the eye. This breakage can cause serious vision difficulties. This form of diabetic retinopathy can cause blindness, and is therefore the more serious form of the disease.

It is not hard to greatly reduce your risk of diabetic retinopathy by following some simple steps and being aware of your overall health. The most important factor you can control is maintaining your blood sugar at a healthy level. Eating a healthy diet will help greatly in controlling blood sugar levels. A regular exercise regimen is also a great help. Finally, make sure to listen to your doctor’s instructions.

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COVID-19 Office Closure

To Our Valued Patients

As a healthcare provider, the health and safety of our patients and employees is always our first priority. As the news about the COVID-19 virus continues to change and with much thought, we have decided that closing the office would be the best option for the health and safety for all concerned.

We apologize for any inconvenience this may cause. If you have questions about your glasses or contacts you can leave a message at (209) 521-1028 and we will return your call. If you are having an eye related emergency please call (209) 499-2181.

You can get further updates on our website Modestovision.com or the Facebook sites for Modesto Optometric Vision Center and Riverbank Optometric Vision Center.

We sincerely appreciate your understanding and look forward to seeing you in the future.